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Acne can be caused by many factors. In effect, acne results from the blockage of skin pores due to a buildup of dead skin cells. This blockage causes the accumulation of skin oils, cells, pollutants and bacteria. Acne is usually seen on the face, but can also develop on the torso. A micromedo, which is basically an accumulation of keratin and sebum, is the first visible sign of an acne outbreak.
There are many types of acne, some more common than others. What follows is an explanation of the most common forms of acne.
Acne vulgaris is the most prevalent acne type, and afflicts primarily teenagers and some young adults. There are several causes of acne vulgaris, including but not limited to genetics, accumulation of excess dead skin cells, bacteria, hormones, vitamin deficiencies, inflammation, side-effects from medication and stress. In severe cases of acne vulgaris, cysts and nodules are formed on the skin.